Esselun 2019 Oxid Med Cell Longev
|Esselun C, Bruns B, Hagl S, Grewal R, Eckert GP (2019) Differential effects of silibinin A on mitochondrial function in neuronal PC12 and HepG2 liver cells. Oxid Med Cell Longev 2019:1652609.
Abstract: The Mediterranean plant Silybum marianum L., commonly known as milk thistle, has been used for centuries to treat liver disorders. The flavonolignan silibinin represents a natural antioxidant and the main bioactive ingredient of silymarin (silybin), a standard extract of its seeds. Mitochondrial dysfunction and the associated generation of reactive oxygen/nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) are involved in the development of chronic liver and age-related neurodegenerative diseases. Silibinin A (SIL A) is one of two diastereomers found in silymarin and was used to evaluate the effects of silymarin on mitochondrial parameters including mitochondrial membrane potential and ATP production with and without sodium nitroprusside- (SNP-) induced nitrosative stress, oxidative phosphorylation, and citrate synthase activity in HepG2 and PC12 cells. Both cell lines were influenced by SIL A, but at different concentrations. SIL A significantly weakened nitrosative stress in both cell lines. Low concentrations not only maintained protective properties but also increased basal mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels. However, these effects could not be associated with oxidative phosphorylation. On the other side, high concentrations of SIL A significantly decreased MMP and ATP levels. Although SIL A did not provide a general improvement of the mitochondrial function, our findings show that SIL A protects against SNP-induced nitrosative stress at the level of mitochondria making it potentially beneficial against neurological disorders.
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology
Organism: Human, Rat Tissue;cell: Nervous system, Liver Preparation: Permeabilized cells
Regulation: ATP, mt-Membrane potential Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET Pathway: N, S, CIV, NS HRR: Oxygraph-2k